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国际气体燃料动力船协会SGMF发布最新气体燃料/LNG动力船入坞操作安全指南

国际气体燃料动力船协会(SGMF)刚刚发布了最新的气体燃料/LNG动力船维护、修理和干船入坞操作安全指南,旨在帮助业界确保气体燃料动力船的安全维护。

正筹备第三届2020年LNG动力船和LNG技术装备上海国际峰会暨第5届2020 年LNG新技术和投资上海国际峰会将于2020年9月9日-10日举办的国际船舶海工网了解到。

未来,随着IMO国际法规越来越重视降低航运业的气候影响和废气排放,越来越多的船舶将会改用天然气作为船舶燃料。但是,使用气体燃料的航运公司需要为气体燃料动力船在干船坞进行日常维护做好准备。在干船坞维护过程中,船舶通常需要卸下货物,但有时候却不会卸下燃料。

目前共有185艘气体燃料动力船在役,另有212艘正在订造中。在这些气体燃料动力船进入干船坞之前,船东、运营商、船管公司以及船厂都应当充分了解船舶在干船坞期间气体燃料管理方面的安全要求,SGMF的安全指南发布可谓非常及时。

对于使用气体燃料(例如LNG)的船舶,我们必须采取严格的措施来确保安全。因此,这份指南详细介绍了可以最大限度降低LNG/气体燃料危害的技术手段和预防措施,并且在很多情况下依然允许使用传统的维护技术。在传统技术不适用的情况下,该指南还给出了相应的替代措施。

此外,指南还提供了一种风险评估方法,涵盖了在准备进入干船坞的过程中以及干船坞期间船舶LNG燃料管理的方方面面。而且,指南也为船东提供了选择合格船厂所需的详细信息和方向。

SMGF表示,在气体燃料动力船的维护方面,各地区以及国际监管机构可以借鉴或参考该指南的理念和内容。造船厂还可以使用该指南来做好准备,实现LNG就绪。尽管该指南提供了所需的大多数详细信息,但SGMF建议船东、运营商和船管公司充分了解在船上使用LNG燃料可能带来的影响,并给船队和船厂指派一名LNG专家。

该指南充分汇聚了SGMF会员网络的专业经验和技术知识,许多会员个人也对指南内容的编写做出了巨大贡献,例如,SGMF首席安全顾问David Haynes。SGMF总经理Mark Bell表示:“我很自豪能看到SGMF的专家成员在首席安全顾问David Haynes的指导下,又合作编写了一本独一无二、备受期待的指南出版物。”

他还补充道:“越来越多的船舶开始使用气体燃料,现在有了这份参考文件,业界就能确保气体燃料动力船的维护和干船坞安全。”

SGMF publish guidelines for the safe dry docking of vessels that use gas as fuel

The Society for Marine Gas as a Fuel (SGMF) has published new guidance on work practices for maintenance, repair and dry-dock operations for ships that use gas/LNG as fuel to help ensure the safe maintenance of gas-fuelled ships.

In the future, an increasing number of ships will switch to using gas as a marine fuel, catalysed by increased international regulatory focus on reducing environmental impact and emissions by the IMO.

However, shipping companies who use gas as a marine fuel will need to be prepared for when their gas-fuelled ships undergo routine maintenance in dry dock. While cargo is normally removed from a vessel as part of the drydocking process, sometimes fuel is not.

With 185 gas fuelled ships in active service and with another 212 on order, the release of this publication is timely since it is important that prior to any docking both ship owner, operator or manager and shipyard fully understand the safety requirements of the gas fuel management during the dry docking period.

For ships using gas fuel, such as LNG, a rigorous approach must be undertaken to maintain safety. As such, this new guidance details techniques and precautions that can be applied to minimise the hazards of LNG/gaseous fuels – in many cases, allowing the use of traditional maintenance techniques. Where this is not possible, the guidance discusses alternative methods.

The guidance also offers a risk assessment approach and covers all aspects of LNG fuel management while preparing for the docking and during the docking process. Furthermore, it provides the required details and direction for ship owners to select prequalified shipyards.

Local National and International Regulatory Authorities can also all draw upon, or refer to, the philosophy methodology and content of this publication when it comes to the maintenance of gas fuelled ships. Shipyards can also use the guidance to prepare and be LNG ready. Although this guidance will give the majority of detail required, SGMF advises that ship owners, operators and managers fully understand the implications of having LNG onboard and appoint an LNG specialist within the fleet and the yard.

The “Gas as a Marine Fuel: Work Practices for Maintenance, Repair and Dry-Dock Operations” guidelines were developed using the experience and technical knowledge of SGMF’s extensive member network. The contents of the publication have been drawn from the unique specialist knowledge of many individuals from the SGMF membership including the Principal Safety Advisor to SGMF, David Haynes, who acted as the lead individual compiling the publication. In leading the development of the guidelines, Mr Haynes has, in many instances, drawn upon onshore good practice to help align and standardise the approach for the maritime industry.

Mark Bell, General Manager, SGMF says: “I am really proud to see that yet another unique and much needed publication has been compiled by SGMF, drawn together by our expert members under the guidance of David Haynes, Principal Safety Advisor to SGMF.”

He continues, “As more and more ships start to use gas fuels, the industry is now equipped with the reference document to ensure the safe maintenance and drydocking of gas-fuelled ships. My thanks to David and all of the individuals and member organisations who have contributed to this milestone publication.”

For SGMF members, this publication is available in the Member Portal (Library / Publications) to download and hard copies available in July. Non-members of SGMF may purchase this publication viawww.sgmf.info/shop

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