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联合国贸发组织:中国已成世界海运联系最领先的国家
联合国大会常设机构之一联合国贸易和发展会议组织(简称贸发会议,英文是United Nations Conference on Trade and Development,英文简称是UNCTAD)。近日发布说,根据联合国贸易和发展会议(UNCTAD)的班轮运输连通性指数(LSCI),中国已成世界海运联系最领先的国家。

2019年的指数显示哪些国家改善或恶化了其在世界海运网络中的地位,指出中国的LSCI指数自2006年以来增长了51%。

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“一个国家在全球集装箱运输网络中的地位 - 它的连通性 - 是其贸易成本和竞争力的重要决定因素,”贸发会议贸易物流主管Jan Hoffmann说。

根据该指数的指标,2019年前十大最佳连通经济体中有五个位于亚洲,新加坡,韩国,香港(中国)和马来西亚排名前五,每个得分超过100。

在表格的另一端,小岛屿发展中国家(SIDS)几乎没有任何改善,这意味着这些国家的货物贸易仍然存在问题,并带来连锁经济影响。

资料来源:贸发会议,根据MDS Transmodal提供的数据

霍夫曼补充说:“我们观察到最佳和最差互联国家之间存在'连通性差异' - 差距越来越大”。

LSCI是根据世界集装箱船部署数据计算得出的,每年发布一次,覆盖178个国家,并显示2006年至2019年的海上连通性趋势。

此外,贸发会议表示,2019年航运连通性指数扩大了国家覆盖范围,并为无需转运的国家增加了新的组成部分。

Hoffmann指出,“凭经验证明,直接定期航运连接有助于降低贸易成本并增加贸易量。”

贸发会议表示,研究表明,缺乏直接联系与双边出口价值降低42%有关。

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UNCTAD: China Ranked as Best Connected to Other Countries by Sea

China has retained its lead as the country best connected to others by sea, according to the liner shipping connectivity index (LSCI) from United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

The index for 2019, that shows which countries improved or worsened their positions in maritime transport networks, pointed that China’s LSCI has increased by 51% since 2006.

“A country’s position in the global container shipping network – its connectivity – is an important determinant of its trade costs and competitiveness,” Jan Hoffmann, UNCTAD’s chief of trade logistics, said.

Five of the top 10 best connected economies in 2019 are in Asia, with Singapore, Korea, Hong Kong (China), and Malaysia rounding out the top-five list, each with a score of more than 100, according to the index’s metrics.

At the other end of the table, small islands developing states (SIDS) have hardly seen any improvement, meaning trade in shipped goods remains problematic in those countries, with knock-on economic effects.

Source: UNCTAD, based on data provided by MDS Transmodal

“We observe a ‘connectivity divide’ – a growing difference – between the best and worst connected countries,” Hoffmann added.

The LSCI, which is calculated from data on the world’s container ship deployment and released annually, covers 178 countries and shows maritime connectivity trends from 2006 to 2019.

Additionally, UNCTAD said that the 2019 shipping connectivity index has expanded country coverage and added a new component on countries that can be reached without transhipment.

“Counting on a direct regular shipping connection has empirically been shown to help reduce trade costs and increase trade volumes,” Hoffmann noted.

Research shows that the absence of a direct connection is associated with a 42% lower value of bilateral exports, according to UNCTAD.

Source: World Maritime News
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